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Pd1 Penelitian ini merupakan suatu analisis tentang pergeseran pada tataran morfem ke kata dan terjemahannya antara teks bahasa sumber English dari sebuah novel karya Sidney Sheldon berjudul Bloodline kedalam teks bahasa sasaran Bahasa Indonesia berjudul Garis Darah yang diterjemahkan oleh Threes Susilawati. Landasan teori yang digunakan adalah teori Maurits Simatupang yang menjelaskan tentang pergeseran dalam terjemahan pada tataran morfem.
Metode yang digunakan adalah metode kepustakaan untuk mencari teori yang mendukung dan metode kualitatif untuk menganalisis data. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh bahwa pergeseran terjemahan dalam tataran morfem ke kata terdapat pada suffix —s, suffix —es, suffix —less, suffix —ly, suffix —ful, suffix — er, dan suffix —ing. Kata kunci: morfem, kata, Bloodline, Garis Darah, suffix. Translation is done because of the existence of various languages in the world and the desire to know and to understand many kinds of things and information which is written in foreign language.
Translation is the process of changing speech or writing from one language source language into another language target language. Translation mainly focuses attention on meaning.
Therefore, meaning must be priority over form in translation. It is meaning which is to be carried over from the source language to the target language, not the linguistics form. Translation consists of reproducing receptor language the natural equivalent of the source language message, first in terms of meaning and second in terms of style.
Second, a translator has to translate the appropriate style in the target language. Process of translation is reproducing the natural equivalent of the source language SL message especially in terms of meaning and style. There must be correspondence of meaning between source language and target language.
A translator should have a perfect knowledge of the original language, and a competence acquaintance with the subject of which it treats.
Of course, it is not easy for the translator to make natural translation and has the exactly same meaning with the source language, because every language has the different structure or grammar, for example, English and Bahasa Indonesia has grammatical difference. Since every language has different structure or grammar, a good arrangement of structure seems to be very important in conveying an idea or meaning in order the idea or meaning can be understood correctly by the listener or reader.
The structure or grammar of a language is merely a set of arbitrary rules about arrangement; we must follow these rules if we want to be understood. The possible way to adjust the structure of two different languages is by making shifts.
A translator makes shifts from the structure of the source language SL to the appropriate structure of the target language TL so that the result of the translation can be understood by the reader of the target language TL.
Translation shift is a changing of form when it is translated from the source language into target language. The translation shifts is purposed into making adjustment to fulfill the concept of equivalent in translation.
That is shifts usually occur in the translation from English into Bahasa Indonesia. Translation shifts which occur because of the translator discretion.
In shifts like these, there are formal correspondence, but the translator in light of interpersonal meaning has selected something else. This surely brings a great advantage to Indonesian people. DECEMBER Nevertheless, it is possible that shifts also occur in the translated novel because shifts is useful to convey an idea or meaning in source language.
One of the greatest novels that has been translated into Bahasa Indonesia is Bloodline created by Sidney Sheldon and translated by Threes Susilawati. The translator makes morphemic shifts to establish equivalent and the exact structure in target language so that the translation could be natural and communicative.
The translator faces the condition that forces her to make shifts to keep meaning constant so that the messages can be conveyed naturally and communicatively. Theory of Translation The increasingly interdisciplinary nature of translation studies has described what translation studies in multiple theories of translation.
Many theorists described what translation is in different ways. This diversity is in a sense quite understandable; for there are vast difference in the materials translated, in the process if the publication, and in the needs of the prospective reader.
So far, a number of significant and relatively comprehensive definitions of translation have been offered. There are some theories of translation that have stated by experts. Translation is the process of changing a written text from one language SL 4 to the other equivalent which is written in another language.
The replacement of textual material is in one language by equivalent textual material in other language. It emphasizes the equivalent form in translating a text. Because of the equivalent, the idea or message in the source language can be expressed naturally in the target language. Translating consist in reproducing in the receptor language the closets natural equivalent of the source language messages, first in terms of meaning and secondly in terms of style.
The most important in translating is to find the closet natural equivalent in 4 M. The closets natural equivalent must reach firstly to the meaning since meaning is the content of the message which is prime importance for translating and secondly to the style of the language which will assist the reader to understand why the text as it does. Translation is basically changed of form.
The goal of the translator is to keep the meaning constant. Thus, it is possible if necessary, the form should be changed in order that the source language meaning not be vague. Since a meaning expressed by a particular form in one language may be expressed by quite a different form in another language, the translator often needs to change the form when doing translation.
From those understanding of translation, I conclude that translation is the process of transferring the meaning or messages from source language into target one, for example, from English into Bahasa Indonesia. The translator must be careful in transferring the meaning because meaning is very important thing in translation activity. If the translator cannot get the right meaning from the source language, the result of the translation will be dangerous.
Function of Translation The main function of translation is to transfer the meaning and to convey the messages from source language into target language. Besides that, translation also functioned to fulfill the desire of the readers to read some textbooks, which are written in foreign language. DECEMBER Translation is a process of communication; the objective of translating is to import the knowledge of the original to the foreign readers. As a process of communication, translation functions as a bridge to carry the messages meanings from the source language to the target language.
Besides its main function as a tool of transferring meanings and conveying messages, translation is also fulfills the demand for many kinds of reading in the fields of education, science, religion, and even entertainment like functions in this research which are written in foreign language. Types of Translation A translator translates a text from one language into another language to get the meaning correspondence. There are several types of translation exists, which type of translation is chosen depends upon some factors such as how close the words of the source and target language are the nature of the message, the purpose of the translation, the difference of textual material, skill of the translator and also the target community of the translation or the type of reader.
Translation, generally, can be divided into literal translation, free translation, word for word translation, faithful translation, semantic translation, and communicative translation. Literal Translation Literal translation means a type of translation that follows the form of the source language but it is normalized according to the rules of the target language. Free Translation Free translation means the linguistic structure of the source language is ignored, and an equivalent is found based upon the meaning it conveys.
Word for Word Translation Word for word translation means each word or morpheme in source language is translated by a word or morpheme in the target language by their most common meanings. Principles Of Research. The World As I Seelt. A Journey ti the Center of the Earth. A Voyage in a Balloon An Antartic Mystery. The Mysterious Island. Around the World in 80 Days. From the Earth to the Moon, and Round the Moon. Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea. The Republic - Plato.
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